More than 30% of the world’s population, or around 2.3 billion people – primarily in Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin America and the Caribbean – still lack access to basic sanitation, i.e. a toilet. A severe social problem, the absence of proper sanitation also poses a serious economic issue. The global cost of inadequate sanitation is estimated to be US$260 billion annually.
In the developing world, 90% of sewage goes untreated into lakes, rivers and oceans. Sewage then pollutes our water supply, and fills up our landfills, which is harmful to our environment and water quality. Untreated waste poses a risk to global human health and causes diseases such as diarrhoea disease, cholera, and typhoid. Diseases attributed to poor water and sanitation causes around 1.4 million preventable child deaths per year. This is where the Toilet Board Coalition steps in, with an aim to address the global sanitation crisis by accelerating the Sanitation Economy.